From iron ore to gold, over 3 billion tonnes of metals were mined in 2019. Which metals did miners produce?
Energy technologies are often mineral-intensive. This chart shows how the energy shift is creating massive demand for minerals.
The energy transition will be mineral intensive and create massive demand for all the metals in renewable technologies.
This massive infographic reveals the dramatic scale of 2019 non-fuel mineral global production.
Aluminum (or aluminium) is the world's most common metal by crustal abundance, making up 8.2% of mass. Aluminum was not isolated all the way until 1827.